Wednesday, July 29, 2009

Spring AOP with XML-based Configuration

The previous post described how to use AspectJ annotations to implement Spring AOP. However, many programmers prefer to put configuration outside code. In such case Spring support for AOP through XML declaration of AOP components comes in handy. In this post we'll see how the same application can be implemented using Schema-based AOP support in Spring. An example of using pointcuts method parameters is also shown. Here's the code, followed by the explanations.

The Simple application ...
  • Search Engine Interface :
    * Author: Abhi Vuyyuru
    package search;

    import java.util.List;

    public interface SearchEngine {
    public List<String> search(String prefix);
  • Search Engine Class :
    * Author: Abhi Vuyyuru
    package search;

    import java.util.ArrayList;
    import java.util.List;

    public class SearchEngineImpl implements SearchEngine {

    public List<String> search(String prefix) {
    System.out.println("In search implementation");
    List<String> list =
    new ArrayList<String>();
    (prefix + " result 1");
    (prefix + " result 2");
    return list;

  • Main method:
    * Author: Abhi Vuyyuru
    package main;

    import java.util.List;

    import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;

    import search.SearchEngine;

    public class AopTest {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
    ApplicationContext ctx = new FileSystemXmlApplicationContext(

    SearchEngine searchEngine =
    (SearchEngine) ctx.getBean("searchEngine");
    List<String> searchResults =
    ("Number of results : " + searchResults.size());

Spring AOP classes and configuration
  • Appication Conext : This the spring configuration file for the example.
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <beans xmlns=""
    &nbspxmlns:xsi="" xmlns:aop=""
    <aop:aspectj-autoproxy proxy-target-class="true"/> <bean
    &nbspid="adviceObject" class="aop.AspectJAdvice" />
    <!-- Pointcut for every method invocation -->
    <aop:pointcut id="searchEnginePc" expression="execution(* *(..))" />

    <!-- Pointcut for every method invocation with a String parameter -->
    <aop:pointcut id="pointcutWithParam" expression="execution(* *(..)) and args(prefix)" />

    <!-- After returning advice -->
    <aop:aspect id="springAspect" ref="adviceObject">

    <aop:around pointcut-ref="searchEnginePc" method="aroundAdvice" />

    <aop:after-returning pointcut-ref="searchEnginePc"
    &nbspmethod="afterAdvice" />

    <aop:before pointcut-ref="pointcutWithParam" method="beforeAdvice" />


    <bean id="adviceObject" class="aop.SpringAdvice" />
    <bean id="searchEngine" class="search.SearchEngineImpl" />
    • This xml is used for the default Spring AOP implementation with Java dynamic proxies. Note that the main method is programmed to the SearchEngine interface rather than the concrete class.
      SearchEngine searchEngine = (SearchEngine) ctx.getBean("searchEngine");
      Hence, the AOP configuration was set to
      <aop:config >
      If you have to use the concrete class in your application, as shown below
      SearchEngineImpl searchEngine = (SearchEngineImpl) ctx.getBean("searchEngine");
      You have to change the AOP configuration to the following
      <!-- proxy-target-class forces the use of CGLIB proxies, which allows proxying classes in addition to interfaces.-->
      <aop:config proxy-target-class="true">
      This will force the use of CGLIB proxies which allow proxying concrete classes too.
    • The aop-config element defines three different types of advice, around-advice, before advice, and after return advice.
      • Before Advice: Applied before a join point. This does not have the ability to prevent jointpoint (method execution) unless it throws an exception. The Before advice in the example uses a pointcut that uses arguments and can be used as a model for applying Advice for methods based on the parameter passed to the methods.
      • After Return Advice: Applied after the join points returns without exception.
      • Around Advice: Is applied around a join point. Note that the around advice is NOT called "before and after" the join point, but rather "around" the join point. If you look at the code below, the around advice is invoked when the join point is about to execute, but the around advice takes control of the execution. If you do not call the pjp.proceed() method in the following code, the join point will not be invoked.
        * Applied around a any public method.
        public Object aroundAdvice(ProceedingJoinPoint pjp) throws Throwable {
        System.out.println("Around advice before joinpoint");
        Object obj = pjp.proceed
        ("Around advice after running");
        return obj;
        Around advice has the ability to change the behavior of the join point, and even to stop the join point execution.
    • The Aspect:
    * Author: Abhi Vuyyuru
    package aop;

    import org.aspectj.lang.ProceedingJoinPoint;

    public class SpringAdvice {
    * Applied around a any public method, based on XML configuration
    public Object aroundAdvice(ProceedingJoinPoint pjp) throws Throwable {
    System.out.println("Around advice before joinpoint");
    Object obj = pjp.proceed
    ("Around advice after running");
    return obj;

    * Applied before the execution of any method which takes a String argument.
    * Based on XML configuration
    public void beforeAdvice(String prefix) {
    System.out.println("Before advice : " + prefix);

    * Applied after returning, based on XML configuration
    public void afterAdvice() {
    System.out.println("After Returning advice");



  1. Abhi:

    I am a recruiter with TEOCO Corporation. We are a market leader in providing highly scalable network cost optimization solutions for communications service providers worldwide. We have an opening for a Sr. Software Engineer/ J2EE Architect in Fairfax, VA. The skills listed in your resume appear to be a very strong fit for this position, and if you are interested, we would like to interview you. If you are not available, I would appreciate your referring others who you feel would excel at this opportunity.

    Position Summary

    Position Title: Sr. Software Engineer/J2EE Architect
    Location: Fairfax, VA
    Duration: Permanent

    Job Description:
    • Help architect and build Java/J2EE-based products for a telecom cost management product
    • Mentor less experienced software engineers in O-O/Java
    • Perform technical evaluations of standards and COTS components
    • Participate in and/or lead design and code reviews
    • Assist management with project scoping and scheduling

    • Extensive experience with all J2EE technologies & RDBMS, O-O, distributed systems, and product development
    • Experience using Java, JSP/Servlets/Struts/Tiles
    • Experience using JDBC, SQL/Oracle
    • Comfortable with NT (2008)and Unix (2008)environments
    • Strong oral, written, and presentation skills
    • Drive for delivering quality products in a timely manner
    • Good team player

    • 8+ years programming experience using structured development methodologies
    • 4+ years experience in Java/J2EE and databases
    • Recent experience building and deploying large-scale J2EE applications
    • Familiarity with telecom billing/inventory systems a plus

    • BS in Computer Science, Electrical Engineering, or related technical field
    • Graduate degree and technical certifications preferred

    We want to move fast on this opening. If interested, please reply with your updated resume and answers to the following questions:

    1. Are you immediately available for this position? If not, when will you become available?
    2. What [hourly rate/annual salary] are you expecting?
    3. What is your current work status (US citizen, Green Card holder, H-1B visa holder, etc.)?
    4. Do you have any concerns about your commute or other possible problems with working in Fairfax, VA?
    5. What is the best time to reach you and your preferred phone number to call?

    Thanks and Regards,

    Martin Webb
    TEOCO Corporation
    The Employee Owned Company
    12150 Monument Drive, Suite 400
    Fairfax, VA 22033
    Main 703-349-2415
    Fax 703-832-0058.

  2. Java is amongst one of the most robust platform for programming. Java development gives Java Developers the way to develop complex


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